Mary Ainsworth’s strange situation study, and the attachment theory provides families with different styles of parenting, and can aid parents with a secure or an insecure child during their development.

Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development; provides parents with guidelines as to what they should be experiencing with their children at each stage, and how to form secure attachments at each stage.

Psychosexual development is a central element of the psychoanalytic sexual drive theory, that human beings, from birth, possess an instinctual libido (sexual energy) that develops in five stages identified by Freud.

Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory; also known as the human ecology theory, identifies the influence of different environmental systems that individuals interact with.

Life-Span Perspective; explains and aids a person to grow, develop, and decline by integrating new concepts into old frameworks for understanding.

Selective Optimisation with Compensation; theory created by Paul Baltes, and is used to describe the relationship between age-related changes and shifts in behavioral and cognitive styles of thought.

Life-Course Perspective; is used to analyze peoples development in terms of social, cultural, and structural contexts.

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