ARTICLE LINK: Assignment 1 Article Used
This article discusses the influences of nature and nurture on childhood and future development. Authors reference three developmental theories including; attachment theory, neurobiology, and systems theory. Through investigating the relationships between infants and their caregivers; childhood development can be examined and improved. This article addresses the need for both biological and interpersonal development during ones lifespan. For the purpose of this article, authors define; biological processes as nature; while interpersonal processes are defined as nurture. Methodology involved examining emotions observed and reported.
Through integrating both nature and nurture into a child’s life; optimal development should be evident, and supported by clinical observation (doctors visits). In order for physical processes of development to occur (nature), interpersonal processes are necessary (nature) at all stages of development, especially early childhood. This article concludes that throughout early brain and childhood development doctors should be able to observe; both, the consequences and processes of nurture being nature.
Humans are born with a small arrangement of emotions they can express. These emotions are expressed verbally (through cries, laughter, coos and kaas), physically and emotionally. This means that emotions must be learned, and those that each child is born with must be progressively enhanced through learning. Because infants must learn emotions; the authors of this article state that children must witness and manipulate emotions and actions before they can experience them. This is why the article sides with nurture as being more integral to childhood development; biological processes cannot naturally progress without the proper nurturing and tools.
Meyer, D., Sara Wood, S., & Stanley, B. (2013). Nurture is nature; Integrating brain development, systems theory, and attachment theory. The Family Journal 21(2) 162-169.
Nature: Babies are born with the inherent biological means to survive. Meaning they have the proper biological components to ‘tell’ the world what they need; even if it is not done verbally but visually and orally. This is completed using body language and cries. My daughter responds to sounds, smells and sights because of nature and biology. This response to stimuli is integral to childhood health and development; especially considering a child cannot feed him/herself. Nature forms the basis of the attachment children, more so newborns, develop with their mother, father and other caregivers/close family members.
Nurture: The first thing I did to comfort my daughter as we welcomed her into this crazy world; was skin-to-skin contact. I literally held her naked body on my chest and cried. I didn’t feed her for at least 2 hours after she was born, nor did I do anything else but hold her, stare at her in disbelief, and love her. She cried the entire time the nurses and doctors were checking her for any signs of distress. But the minute she rested her body on my chest she stopped crying, and wrapped her fingers around my finger. All she needed was her mom. Finally; food cannot be acquired by the child themselves under a certain age; be it formula or breast milk.
Both nature and nurture equally influence a child’s health; during the first few years of life it is necessary that the child have the natural need to seek nurturing.
One a side note: Given that I am recently a new mom; this discussion topic is very intriguing. So let me start off by saying that I look forward to reading everyone’s responses and thoughts on this matter.
My daughter responds to sounds, smells and sights because of nature and biology. The same goes for the sound of her father’s voice, and the smell of him after work. I swear the minute he walks in the door she cries until he picks her up, and she will simply fall back asleep in his arms. She’s only a month old-tomorrow. , Sometimes she simply needs love; she doesn’t need to eat, nor does her diaper need to be changed, and so far we have found no other explanation. As far as breast feeding moms go, it is integral to ensure that the mother is healthy in order to properly nurture her child and produce enough healthy milk to feed their children. Both nature and nurture equally influence a child’s health; during the first few years of life it is necessary that the child have the natural need to seek nurturing.
THE INFLUENCE OF TEXTING, AND TECHNOLOGY, ON CHILDHOOD LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND COMPOSITION
INTERESTING; PERSONAL, STAND POINT
Because children acquire 5 main language components; I believe that these 5 components would be dramatically influenced by ‘texting’. However; in my opinion, the final component would be the most affected by texting and the use textual language both in and out of technological communication.
Frist there is phonology which deals with a languages sound system. Sound systems are altered during texting in order to create an easier message which is faster to compile and ‘send’.
Secondly morphology deals with how we form words from phonological sounds. Texting uses short forms that do not follow the rules for creating phonological sounds.
The third component of language is semantics, which is the understanding of possible morphological combinations.
The fourth aspect of language is syntax; which are the rules that regulate the way sematic morphemes; both bound and free, form sentences when they are combined. Texting offers a means to communicate without full words. For example; lol was a short form created to symbolize the words laugh out loud which later became a word itself.
The final and fifth language component is the guidelines for using effective language in the appropriate social settings. In the world of technology; this language component can also be extended to forms of technological language (Shaffer, D. R., Kipp, K., Wood, E., & Willoughby, T., 2013:429).
Furthermore; children who were raised using, or around texting and textual language accommodations, may use them in their own speech through having learnt them in their environment. Because “children have often used the correct forms of many irregular nouns and verbs…before they learn any grammatical morphemes” (Brown, 1973; Mervis and Johnson, 1991 cited in Shaffer, D. R., et al. 2013:416) they would most certainly also use irregular terms or short forms of common words associated with texting.
Finally since each component of language builds off of the previously learned/mastered component; and texting can influence the use of each component, pragmatics would be the most influenced by the use of technological language.
American Psychological Association (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological
Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Shaffer, D.R., Kipp, K., Wood, E., & Willoughby, T. (2013). Developmental psychology: Childhood and adolescence (4th Canadian ed.). Scarborough, ON: Nelson/Thomson.